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Within each species, finds are sorted by the order of their discovery. "ARA-VP, Sites 1, 6 & 7", Ardipithecus ramidus Discovered by a team led by Tim White, Berhane Asfaw and Gen Suwa (1994) in 19 at Aramis in Ethiopia. ARA-VP-6/1 consists of 10 teeth from a single individual. About 45% of her skeleton was found, including most of the skull, pelvis, hands and feet, and many limb bones.
Each species has a type specimen which was used to define it. If the fossil was originally placed in a different species, that name will also be given. ARA-VP-7/2 consists of parts of all three bones from the left arm of a single individual, with a mixture of hominid and ape features. She was about 120 cm (3'11") tall and weighed about 50 kg (110 lbs).
(Creationist arguments) AL 444-2, Australopithecus afarensis Discovered by Bill Kimbel and Yoel Rak in 1991 at Hadar in Ethiopia (Kimbel et al. According to its finders, it strengthens the case that all the First Family fossils were members of the same species, because the differences between AL 444-2 and the smaller skulls in the collection are consistent with other sexually dimorphic hominoids. This is a mostly complete, but heavily distorted, cranium with a large, flat face and small teeth.
KNM-WT 40000, Kenyanthropus platyops Discovered by Justus Erus in 1999 at Lomekwi in Kenya (Leakey et al. The brain size is similar to that of australopithecines.
The large rounded brain, canine teeth which were small and not apelike, and the position of the foramen magnum(*) convinced Dart that this was a bipedal human ancestor, which he named Australopithecus africanus (African southern ape).
Although the discovery became famous, Dart's interpretation was rejected by the scientific community until the mid-1940's, following the discovery of other similar fossils.
AL 129-1, Australopithecus afarensis Discovered by Donald Johanson in 1973 at Hadar in Ethiopia (Johanson and Edey 1981; Johanson and Taieb 1976). This find consisted of portions of both legs, including a complete right knee joint which is almost a miniature of a human knee, but apparently belongs to an adult. About 40% of her skeleton was found, and her pelvis, femur (the upper leg bone) and tibia show her to have been bipedal.
AL 288-1, "Lucy", Australopithecus afarensis Discovered by Donald Johanson and Tom Gray in 1974 at Hadar in Ethiopia (Johanson and Edey 1981; Johanson and Taieb 1976). She was about 107 cm (3'6") tall (small for her species) and weighed about 28 kg (62 lbs).
1979), although it may not have had the strong striding gait of modern humans (Burenhult 1993).The find consisted of a full face, teeth and jaws, and an endocranial cast of the brain.It is between 2 and 3 million years old, but it and most other South African fossils are found in cave deposits that are difficult to date.This is a tibia, missing the middle portion of the bone, which is about 4.1 million years old.It is the oldest known evidence for hominid bipedalism.