Effects of verbal abuse in dating
By: Amy Thomson When many people hear the phrase “domestic violence,” they think of physical abuse – specifically things that are visible.Very rarely do they conjure up images of verbal and emotional abuse.
In fact, emotional abuse often occurs in the absence of other types of abuse.77); "behaviors that can be used to terrorize the victim. do not involve the use of physical force" (Shepard & Campbell, 1992, p. an ongoing process in which one individual systematically diminishes and destroys the inner self of another.291); the "direct infliction of mental harm" and "threats or limits to the victim's well-being" (Gondolf, 1987), and ". The essential ideas, feelings, perceptions, and personality characteristics of the victim are constantly belittled." (Loring, 1994, p. Psychological/ emotional abuse is considered an important form of abuse because many women report that it is as harmful or worse than physical abuse they suffer (Follingstad, Rutledge, Berg, Hause, & Polek, 1990; Walker, 1984) and because of its role in setting up and maintaining the overall abusive dynamic of the relationship (Boulette & Anderson, 1986; Dutton & Painter, 1981; Dutton & Painter, 1993; Loring, 1994; Ni Carthy, 1982, 1986; Romero, 1985).Sexual and non-sexual physical abuse also co-occur in many abusive relationships (Browne, 1987; Mahoney & Williams, 1998; Walker, 1984), and, as with emotional abuse, sexual and non-sexual abuse often are combined elements of a single abusive incident (Bergen, 1996; Browne, 1987; Finkelhor & Yllo, 1985; Russell, 1990; Walker, 1984).As discussed by Tolman (1992), it may be somewhat artificial to separate emotional abuse from physical forms of abuse because physical forms of abuse also inflict emotional and psychological harm to victims, and both forms of abuse serve to establish dominance and control over another person.