Dating zircon grains
The ocean and atmosphere, the grasses and forests, the mountains and deserts, and the clouds and snow reflect, absorb, and scatter various colors of the rainbow.
For example, during the day, blue light is selectively scattered by the atmosphere to form a beautiful, blue canopy of light.
Modeling studies assume the increase in concentration of carbon dioxide since 1958 will lead to an increase in the average global temperature of some 10 F over the next 100 years.
Such a large increase in average temperature would be of concern if it were to happen.
Fortunately, a resurgence of quality research grounded on Biblical revelation has developed over the last twenty years or so.
A number of Ph D scientists with training in the atmosphere and ocean sciences and committed to a young earth have devoted full and part-time efforts to understanding processes which reveal estimates of rates and timing.
It is commonly believed that during the Cretaceous Period, some 65 million years ago, according to the conventional evolutionary time frame, the average ocean temperature was much warmer than today—possibly as warm as 100 F on the average.
This means that long-term thermodynamic processes in the ocean essentially “drive” those in the atmosphere.
For example, the current concern about is focused on changes in the temperature of the atmosphere caused by measured increases in carbon dioxide over approximately the past 50 years.
Liquid water is necessary for most life processes on the Earth and explains why the planet is so fertile.
Some of the other planets like Mars may have contained liquid water in the past as evidenced by erosional features, but this water has either evaporated and escaped to space or is trapped in the crust in frozen form. It makes life processes possible, it is a universal solvent, it stores large amounts of heat, it absorbs or releases large quantities of heat during phase changes, and it is denser than the solid state.